Surging conflicts and instability raising cost of feeding hungry world: UN agency

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UNITED NATIONS, July 20 (APP): Improved aid access, strengthened
resilience and advances in food system networks could provide as much as $3.5 billion in annual cost savings at a time when humanitarian needs are skyrocketing in multiple complex emergencies across the globe, a new United Nations study has found.
“More than anything else, the world needs to wake up, and end these
wars and these conflicts, so we can make real progress in ending hunger,” David Beasley, the Executive Director of the UN World Food Programme, said in a statement on Thursday.
“Around 800 million people – one in nine around the world – go to
bed on an empty stomach. But man-made conflicts and other strife make it difficult to help those who need it most. Reducing these roadblocks would ease the path towards long-term solutions.”
In its report, World Food Assistance 2017: Taking Stock and Looking
Ahead, WFP notes that its costs spiked by more than 140 per cent over a seven-year period – from $2.2 billion in 2009 to $5.3 billion in 2015.
The need for additional resources come amid significant changes to the
international food assistance sector since 2009.
Within WFP, the share of assistance delivered as food declined from 54
per cent to less than 40 per cent. Conversely, the share of cash-based transfers surged from less than 1 per cent in 2009 to 20 per cent in 2016.
In this scenario, the WFP report argues that improvements such as more accessible and safe humanitarian access could reduce costs by almost $1 billion each year.
Furthermore, if the roughly 80 countries where the UN agency operates
were better able to cope with climate-related, political, and economic shocks, another $2.2 billion annually could be saved.
And if food systems – the networks responsible for producing food,
transforming it and ensuring that it reaches hungry people – could be improved in these countries, another $440 million could be saved annually.
“If solutions or improvements to these challenges were found, cost
savings to WFP could be as high as US$3.5 billion per year,” the UN agency noted.