UNITED NATIONS, Dec 11 (APP): The United Nations has called on the world to guarantee fundamental freedoms “long recognized as the birthright of all people,” freedom
from fear, freedom from want, freedom of speech and freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
“In a year that marks the 70th anniversary of the United Nations, we can draw inspiration from the history of the modern human rights movement, which emerged from
the Second World War,” the secretary-general said in a message to mark Human Rights Day, celebrated annually on 10 December.
He hailed the four basic freedoms identified by former United States President Franklin Roosevelt “freedom of expression, freedom of worship, freedom from want and freedom
from fear,” and stressed that today’s extraordinary challenges can be seen and addressed “through the lens of [those] four freedoms.”
The Secretary-General highlighted the condition of millions of people, who are denied freedom of expression and are living under threat and urged to defend, preserve and expand democratic practices and space for civil society for lasting stability.
Ban also noted that across the globe, terrorists have “hijacked religion, betraying its spirit by killing in its name,” or targeting minorities and exploring fears for political gain,
thereby denying people their freedom of worship.
“In response, we must promote respect for diversity based on the fundamental equality of all people and the right to freedom of religion,” the Secretary-General stressed.
Speaking about freedom from want, UN chief said much of humankind is plagued by deprivation and called on world leaders to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development with the aim of ending poverty and enabling all people to live in dignity on a peaceful, healthy planet.
Ban also said that millions of refugees and internally displaced persons are a tragic product of the failure to fulfil the freedom from fear, adding that not since the Second World War have so many people been forced to flee their homes.
They run from war, violence and injustice across continents and oceans, often risking their lives.
In response, we must not close but open doors and guarantee the right of all to seek asylum, without any discrimination. Migrants seeking an escape from poverty and
hopelessness should also enjoy their fundamental human rights, he said.
Lastly, reaffirming UN’s commitment to protecting human rights as the foundation of the Organization’s work, Mr. Ban highlighted the features of the Human Rights Up Front initiative, which aims to prevent and respond to large-scale violations.
Echoing those sentiments, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein added that “freedom is the ideal that underpins what we now recognize as international human rights law, the norms and regulations that protect and guarantee our rights.”
In a video message, Zeid noted that Human Rights Day 2015 marks the launch of a year-long campaign to celebrate the 50th anniversary of two of the oldest international
human rights treaties “the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.”
These two documents, along with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, form the “International Bill of Human Rights”, which together set out the civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights which are “the birth right of all human beings,” Zeid said.
He also stressed that freedoms set out in these documents are universal, applicable to everyone, everywhere and noted that traditional practices, cultural norms, cannot justify taking them away.