Sino-Nepali cross-border railway to reshape geopolitical pattern in South Asia: Experts

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BEIJING, Sept 17 (APP): The construction of a Sino-Nepali railway
will help China strengthen its influence in South Asia, as well as
lessening Nepal’s economic and diplomatic dependence on India, experts said.
During a six-day visit to China in September, Nepalese Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Krishna Bahadur Mahara inked a deal with
the host country to step up plans for a trans-Himalayan rail link, a proposal that Nepal has been keen to accomplish since 2005.
After talks with Mahara, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said the construction of a cross-border Sino-Nepali railway is a strategic cooperation plan raised jointly by leaders from both nations. The two countries have agreed to fast track a feasibility study for the
railway’s construction, as well as carrying out cooperation in training talents and railway investigation and design.
According to a plan evolved by former Nepalese Prime Minister KP
Sharma Oli in March 2016, the railway will include two rail lines, with
one connecting three of Nepal’s most important cities and two crossing the border from China into Nepal.
In addition, two highways that served as the two nations’ traditional land route will be rebuilt, as much of their infrastructure was destroyed
in a major earthquake in 2015.
“Currently, the freight transportation between China and Nepal mainly relies on highways, which are in bad condition and can be affected by natural disasters. The highway system has already reached its full
capacity, therefore a cross-border railway is needed to connect Nepal
with the outside world,” Lin Minwang, a professor at the Institute of International Studies of Fudan University, told Xiaokedao, the WeChat account of People’s Daily Overseas Edition.
According to Xiakedao, China was already planning to extend its
internal railway from the Tibetan city of Shigatse to Gyirong on the Nepal border, but it was still unclear if the extension can reach to Kathmandu, capital of Nepal, as the impoverished landlocked country has been under pressure from India.
Due to its unfavourable geopolitical conditions, Nepal has to rely
on India to transport most of its commodities, including oil and gas.
Around 60 percent of the country’s economy relies on India, giving India
a certain level of control over Nepal. In 2015, when Nepal issued its new constitution, India imposed a 5-month blockade on it in order to secure
the rights of the Madhesi, leaving Nepal with crippling shortages in fuel and cooking gas.
According to experts, China’s help and the recent Sino-Indian standoff have shown Nepal a promising way to shake off India’s control, encourage
it to seize the chance to build the railway, and establish closer ties with China.
As for China, the cross-border railway will promote economic
cooperation between Central Asia and Tibet. Meanwhile, fruits and other daily necessities can be transported from South Asia into Tibet, lowering the locals’ living cost.
“The construction of the cross-border railway will promote the establishment of a Sino-Nepali economic corridor, supporting the latter’s political stability and improving the people’s livelihood. China can
also use the chance to strengthen its presence in South Asia, urging
India to build a prosperous South Asia together,” said Lin.