Multilateralism, dialogue key to addressing complex global challenges: UNGA president

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UNITED NATIONS, Sept 18 (APP):The outgoing UN General Assembly President, Miroslav Lajcak, Monday highlighted the importance of the spirit of multilateralism and dialogue to address the complex and growing challenges confronting the world.
“The stakes are high, we need to take the right road,” Lajcak said in his final address to the 193-member General Assembly.
Lajcak spoke of “six major trends”, which he observed during his year as the General Assembly President, expressing hope that his observations will be useful as the new high-level debate gets underway.
On the first trend – peace – he noted the shift of the global discourse from am a reactive approach to one of “sustaining peace.”
“But we have a lot of work ahead. Sustaining Peace cannot be, just, a concept – or an aspiration. Rather, it shoould be seen more like an Operations Manual. Something that guides the real work we do on the ground, every day,” he said.
Lajcak also highlighted the challenges posed by climate change and called for more leadership and funding to ensure sufficient resources are on hand to honour the Paris Agreement on climate change as well as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The President of the 72nd regular session of the General Assembly also underlined the need for the world body to adapt to major global shifts, highlighting the work still to be done on the Global Compact for Migration, expected to be adopted in Morocco this December.
With its universal membership and its flexible agenda, the General Assembly has “enormous legitimacy” and can play the role of a “global thought-leader,” he said, noting also the need for Organizational reforms and the steps initiated by Secretary-General Antonio Guterres towards that end.
Next Lajcak warned of shrinking space for global dialogue. “Dialogue is part of our humanity,” he said, noting recent world events that continue to illustrate the important results when leaders “talk through their differences.”
“Dialogue leads to results. It is why, last February, we watched a joint Korean team playing in the Winter Olympics. It is why peace has returned to Colombia, after five decades of war. And it is why, in January of last year, political turmoil in the Gambia did not turn violent.”
Alongside dialogue, Lajcak also highlighted the importance of multilateralism, noting that it too is under threat.
“It is clear that we live in a complex, uncertain world. That is why it is so tempting, to go it alone … and let everyone else fend for themselves,” he said.
“But history tells us that it is not the way forward. It tells us that – actually – this co could be the way back. There is still time to counter this trend. I hope that we don’t have to wait for disaster to teach us that multilateralism is the only way.”
UN Secretary-General Guterres also addressed the world body, congratulating President Lajcak for his leadership, as well as Member States on the completion of a very productive Assembly session.
“Last September’s general debate was the first in more than a decade at which all Member States spoke – a sign of welcome engagement by political leaders at the highest level, and of faith in the value of this unique and universal body,” he said.
In his remarks, he also noted the important issues addressed by the UN body during its session, demonstrating, yet again, its “invaluable role as a forum for addressing the full spectrum of the world’s concerns and aspirations.”
“He possesses deep knowledge across the international agenda,” the UN chief said of Lajcak, “and he has always been strongly committed to cooperation as a critical ingredient in success, and so took a wide range of steps to bring people together and new partners into the Assembly’s work,” he said.
The 73rd regular session of the General Assembly convenes on Tuesday, with Maria Fernanda Espinosa Garces of Ecuador assuming the Presidency.