UN assesses border management to cope with spike in Afghan returnees from Pakistan


UNITED NATIONS, May 3 (APP): With an unprecedented 600,000 Afghans returned from Pakistan last year, the United Nations migration agency has completed an assessment of border management capacity at Afghanistan’s two main border crossings with Pakistan.
“With returns in 2017 on track to meet or even surpass the levels of
last year, it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of the current procedures at the border, and to look at how they can be improved,” Afghanistan Chief of Mission of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Laurence Hart in a statement said.
In 2016, 600,000 Afghans returned from Pakistan through the Torkham
border crossing in Nangarhar province and the Spin Boldak border crossing in Kandahar province, the UN said.
Over several visits to Torkham and Spin Boldak in April, the assessment
team met with officials from the Afghan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation, Border Police, customs officials, humanitarian actors and migrants.
Based on interviews and observations at the borders, IOM said it will
produce an assessment report addressing key areas of administrative and operational capacity including infrastructure and available equipment; human resources and competencies; the regulatory framework guiding relevant government agencies; procedures and workflow; capacity gaps and issues.
“The report resulting from the assessment will include short-term
recommendations for streamlining registration, document security and other border procedures, as well as technical assistance needs that could be addressed by IOM over the longer term,” IOM border management expert Erik Slavenas said.
As a first step toward improving efficiency at the border, the Ministry
of Refugees and Repatriation, with the support of IOM, rolled out the Afghan Returnee Information System (ARIS) in late 2016.
ARIS, a digital registration process for both undocumented and refugee
returnees, replaced a paper-based registration system. It allows for better data collection and data sharing, it said.