National Fund for Disaster Management in pipeline to facilitate early warning system, flood mitigation

ISLAMABAD, Oct 19 (APP):National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has successfully conducted Multi Hazard Vulnerability and Risk Assessment (MHVRA) in 13 districts across the country.
Talking to APP, an NDMA official here on Friday said the Authority had prioritized total 43 vulnerable districts in the country initially where vulnerability, hazard and risk assessments were conducted.
“MHVRA is the first of its kind scientific study to make the country disaster resilient and ensure disaster risk management and mitigation,” he remarked.
He said MHVRA was a comprehensive study which intended to scientifically assess the degree of multiple hazards, vulnerabilities, expected risks and likely losses due to different hazardous events both natural and man-made.
“The study requires processing, analysis and interpolation of multi-tier complex data sets in which multidimensional matrices are taken in account for various aspects such as spatial, temporal magnitude and other triggering factors,” he added.
The NDMA official said the elements at risk should be considered in seven dimensions, namely Population, buildings, essential and critical infrastructure, crops, transport, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and livelihood.
He added that there were number of activities during the process which involves preparation of National MHVRA policy and guidelines, development of MHVRA Database Management System, work plan formulation and consultation with line-departments and stakeholders etc.
He said the project aimed at studying hazards both natural and man-made which were prevalent in 157 districts of the country.
These include earthquake, drought, flood, landslide, urban hazard, industrial hazard, Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF), avalanche and so on.
In the first phase of the project, he said five districts of Punjab specifically Khusab, Jhang, Bahwalpur, Multan and Rahim Yar Khan were focused where four hazards flood, earthquake, drought and urban hazards were identified as prevailing hazards based on local stakeholders’ consultation, analysis of historical records and NDMP risk profiling.
However, the study was also conducted in seven districts of Sindh including Kashmor, Ghotki, Thatta, Badin, Tando Alayar, Tando Mohammad Khan and Mirpurkhas and also in one district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa namely Chitral.
To a question, he said the project had been executed with financial assistance from United Nations World Food Program (UNWFP), Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) and NDMA as MHVRA study in districts of Punjab was done by UNWFP, in Sindh 5 out of 7 were done by ADPC while the remaining two and the assessment study in Chitral district of KPK were executed by NDMA.
According to details, the project comprises of three phases whereas the Phase-I would be completed in 3 years (2016-18) encompassing 39 districts, phase-II to cater 55 districts within 4 years (2019-22) and phase-III would be the comprehensive one spanning over 7 years (2023-30) which will complete the study in the remaining 63 districts across the country.
The project will be funded by the government under Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) fund while the financial assistance of international development agencies shall also be taken in account considering the scale of the project.