Conflict is ‘major cause of famine’: UN Security Council

UNITED NATIONS, Aug 9 (APP): Expressing its grave concern about the
threat of famine facing some 20 million people in conflict-affected Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and north-east Nigeria, the United Nations Security Council Wednesday urged the Secretary-General to provide early warning when a conflict could lead to famine.
Through the adoption of a Presidential Statement, the 15-member body
also requested the Secretary-General to provide an oral briefing in October 2017 on impediments to an effective response to the risk of famine in these countries, and make specific recommendations on how to address country-specific impediments in order to enable a more robust short- and long-term response.
The Council emphasized, with deep concern, that ongoing conflicts and
violence are ‘a major cause of famine’ as they have devastating humanitarian consequences and hinder an effective humanitarian response in the short, medium and long term.
Deploring that in these four countries, certain parties have ‘failed to
ensure unfettered and sustained access’ for deliveries of vital food assistance as well as other forms of humanitarian aid, the Council reiterated its calls on all parties to allow the safe, timely and unhindered access for humanitarian assistance to all areas and to facilitate access for essential imports of food, fuel and medical supplies into each country, and their distribution throughout.
The Council further urged all parties to protect civilian infrastructure
which is critical to the delivery of humanitarian aid in the affected countries.
It expressed its readiness to continue to support the
Secretary-General’s call to action to avert famine in conflict-affected countries and commits to engage constructively on his specific recommendations.